发布时间:2018-08-09 19:08




1.The house faces to the south 这个房子朝南

=The house faces towards the south。

= The house faces south.

2. be faced with 面临,面对

in the face of 面对, 在… 面前

face to face 面对面

3 get into a difficult situation 陷入困难的状况

get out of a difficult situation 摆脱困难的状况

save the situation 挽回局势

4. be located in=lie in 坐落于

= be situated in

5. off the coast 在(离开海面的)海岸上

along the coast 沿着海岸

on the coast 海岸上

6. work on sth. 从事某事, 做…工作;忙于

work out 设计;制订,安排

get to work 着手于;开始工作

7.because of 因为

thanks to 由于;多亏了

owing to 由于

as a result of 由于……的结果

due to 由于

8.There+be/exist/lie/stand/appear+主语 有,存在

9. two-thirds 三分之二

one-third 三分之一

10.be covered by/with 被…覆盖

11.be famous for 因…而著名

12.make… out of sth. … 由..制成…

13.ever since 自那以后

14.(be)opposite to 在…对面,与…相反

just the opposite 恰恰相反

15.keep a cool head 保持头脑清醒

16.lose one’s head 惊慌失措,失去理智

17.head for 朝着…前进

18.in terms of 根据,从…方面来说,从…的观点

in the long/short term 就长/短期而言

come to terms=make terms 达成协议,和好

bring sb. to terms 使某人接收条件

be on good/bad terms with sb. 与某人交情好/不好

19.compare A with/and B 比较A和B

compare…to… 把……比作…..

compared with/to… 与…比较起来,较之…

0.have control over 对…有控制权

Beyond control 无法控制

under control 被控制住

out of control 失去控制

in the control of 由…控制/管理/负责

lose control of 对…失去控制

21.on the one hand… on the other hand 一方面…另一方面


1)This bridge is 3 times longer than that one.


2) This bridge is 4 times as long as that one


3)A is … times the size/length/width/height/depth of B

This room is 3 times the size of that one.


4) A + v. …times as many/much + n.+ as B

The factory has produced 3 times as many cars as it did last year. 这个厂今年的汽车产量是去年的3倍。


1. It is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

one of the +形容词最高级+ 可数名词复数 最.....之一

2. Portugal is to the west of Spain.

①表示位置: A is/lies in/on/to/off the+方向+of B A is located/situated in/on/to/off the+方向+of B

②位置+距离: A is (about)+距离+(to the)+方向+of B in ,on和to表地理方位的区别

(1) 表示A在B的范围内(即A是B的组成部分之一)时用in.

如:our school is in the west of the town.我们学校在城西。

(2) 强调A和B两地接壤时,用on.

如: Korea is on the east of China.朝鲜与中国东部接壤。

(3) A在B的范围之外,两者之间没有所属关系时用to。

如:Our school is to the west of the hospital.我们学校在医院的西面。

3. on the coast和off the coast



一: 一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态

被动语态由“be+及物动词的过去分词(+by) ”构成。被动语态发生时态变化时只变be的形式,过去分词不变。

现在时被动语态:am/ is/ are + 过去分词 过去时被动语态:was/ were + 过去分词 



注意:(1) something, everybody, nobody , either, neither, each等不定代词作主语时,谓语需用单数。

(2) 当主语后面跟有with, together with, as well as, like 等时,谓语动词的单复数形式仍然要与这些词语前面的主语保持一致。

2. 意义一致原则。

一些集合名词,如:family, enemy, class, population, army等作主语时,谓语动词的单复数要根据实际含义而定。当表示整体意义时,用单数;当强调个体成员时,用复数。

3. 邻近性原则。

neither…nor, either…or, not only…but also, or连接两个名词或代词作主语时;由there, here引导的句子,并且主语不止一个时,谓语动词通常与邻近它的主语保持一致。

Module 2


1.on a high/low income 高/低收入

2.income tax (个人)所得税

3.with the development of 随着…的发展

under development 在发展中

4.take measures to do sth. 采取措施做某事

make …to one’s (own)measure 按某人的尺寸制作

5.figure out 理解

6.up to 直到…, 到…为止,多达

7.be up to=be fit for 胜任,适合于

up to=be busy(in)doing sth. 正在做…,从事于

.it’s up to sb. to do sth . 由某人决定做某事

8.agree to the plan (suggestion ,proposal…) 同意


agree with sb. 同意某人的观点或看法,适合

agree on/upon sth 双方在某件事情上达成协议


9.make efforts to do sth. 努力做某事

=make every effort to do sth.

=make an effort to do sth.

make an effort 尽力

spare no effort 不遗余力

with/without effort 费力地/毫不费力地

10.make progress 进步

11.give examples of 举…的列子

12.make sure 确保,查明

13.figure out 理解,弄明白

14.be similar to sb/sth. 与…相似

be similar in 在某方面相似

similarly 同样地,类似地

15.share sth. among /between sb. 将某物分配给某人

share sth. with sb. 与某人分享某物

share (in)sth. 共享

16.be/get close to 靠近,近,接近,即将发生

17.as a result of 由于

as a result 结果

result in 导致

result from 由…引起

18.be of+抽象名词=be+该名词的同根形容词

eg. His advice is of value to us. = valuable

This dictionary is of great use. =useful

What he said is of importance for you. = important


1. but和however的联系和区别

2. although引导状语从句

3. while引导比较状语从句

Module 3


1.be experienced in/at 在…方面有经验

2.sth.occurs to sb. 某事被某人想起

it occurs to sb. + that-clause 某人突然想到…

it occurs to sb. to do sth. 某人突然想到做某事

3.A good idea suddenly struck me.


strike sb.+介词+the +具体部位 打某人的某个部位

eg. strike him on the back 打某人的背

hit sb in the face 打某人的脸

pat sb on the shoulder 拍某人的肩膀

be struck by 被…所打动,被…迷住

4.bury oneself in sth. 埋头于、专心致志于某事物

be buried in 埋头于,专心致志于

5.pick up 拿起,捡起,卷起,收听,接(人)

6.end up 到达或来到某处

7.end up with sth. 以某事作为结束

end up doing sth. 以做某事为结束

come to an end 结束,完结

8.by the time 到…的时候(常与完成时连用)

9. on the same latitude 在同一纬度

10.refer to 指代,参考

11.on average 平均

12.of all time 人类历史上,有史以来

13.in ruins 严重受损,破败不堪

fall into ruin 已成废墟

bring sb. to ruin 毁灭某人

14.warn sb. (not)to do sth. 警告某人(不)干某事

warn sb. of sth. 警告某人当心某事

15.at all 完全,究竟,全然,竟然

not at all 一点也不,根本不,别客气

after all 毕竟,终究,归根到底,别忘了

above all 最重要的是,首先,尤其是,特别是

first of all 首先

16.see sb.do sth. 看见某人干了某事

see sb.doing sth. 看见某人正在干某事


①By the time…did…, sb. had done sth.

By the time…do/does…, sb. will have done sth.

②There was the possibility of… It is possible that…


1. 过去完成时的被动语态:had+过去分词

2. 间接引语。英语中常用两种方式引用别人的话。一种是直接引述别人的原话,把它放在引号内,叫直接引语;另一种是用自己的话转述别人的话,叫间接引语。如果把直接引语变为间接引语,从句中的人称、时态、代词、时间状语和地点状语等一般都要作相应的改变。

3. 定语从句。

Module 4


1. masses of/a mass of 许多,大量

the masses 群众,平民

in the mass 大体而论,总体上

2. a weather forecast 天气预报

3. give/make a forecast 预言,预报

= give/make forecasts

4. cut out 剪除;切掉;割掉

cut up 切碎;使伤心

cut of 切断;停掉;隔绝

cut in 插嘴

cut down 砍掉;消减,降低

5. be caught in 被困在(风、雨、雪……)中

6. catch up with 赶上;跟上

catch hold of 抓住,握住

catch sight of 看见

7. prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

=stop sb.(from) doing sth.. =keep sb from doing sth..

8. so + 形容词或副词 + that… 如此…以致于…

so + 形容词 + a(n) + 单数可数名次词 + that… so + many/few + 复数的可数名词 + that…

so + much/little (少的) + 不可数名词 + that… 比较: such + (adj.) +名词+ that… 如此…以致于 9. dig up 挖出

10. be/get caught in 突然遭到(风暴等)

11. wake up 认识到、意识到

12. advise sb.to do sth 建议某人做某事

13. one after another 一个接一个

14. be concerned for/about/over …


be concerned with/in 与…有关

as far as sth.is concerned 就某事而言

15. complain to sb 向某人诉苦/发牢骚

complain about/of sth 抱怨某事

16. take in 吸入(空气);欺骗;体会;收容

take away 带走

take off 脱下,拿掉,起飞

take on 承担

take up 举起,开始做;占据

17. give out 分发;发出(气味、热气);发明;用尽

give up 放弃

give in 屈服;让步,投降

give off 送出;发出(光等)

give away 赠送;放弃;泄漏;出卖

18. in a nutshell 简言之,概括地讲

in a word 总之,一句话

in brief 简言之

in short 长话短说,概括起来说

19. if possible 如果可能

if any 如果有的话

if necessary 如果需要的话

if so 如果是这样的话

if ever 如果曾经有的话

if not 不这样的话


一:不定式的各种时态 一般式:to do/to be done 进行式:to be doing 完成式:to have done

完成时的被动式:to have been done

Module 5


1. be equal to sth. 等于…, 与…相等

2. lay stress on sth. 强调某事

put stress on sth.

place stress on sth.

3. have an influence on/upon sth. 对某事有影响

influence sb. to do sth. 影响某人做某事

4. bring up 养育,教育;提出(话题等);呕吐

bring down 使倒下,消减

bring back 恢复,使想起

bring in 收(庄稼);引进

5. It is/was a time when… 那是一个…的时期

6. be at war with.. 与…..交战

7. follow/take one's advice 采纳某人的建议

8. travel from state to state 周游列国

9. as a result 结果

10. live a … life 过…..的生活

lead a … life

11. be born good 人之初,性本善

12. in some ways 在某些方面

13. The reason why … is that … …的理由是…

The reason for sth. is that … 某事的理由是…

14. a sense of responsibility 责任感

There is no sense in doing sth 做某事不明智/没意义

make sense 有意义,讲的通

make sense of 懂,理解

15. make contributions to … 捐赠;做出贡献

16. argue with sb about/over sth 就某事与某人争论

argue for 据理力争

argue against 反对

17. in good condition 状况良好,保存的好

in poor condition 状况不佳,破烂不堪

on one condition 有一个条件

on condition that 如果,条件是,只要 (后接从句)

on no condition 决不

18. in conclusion 最后,总之

reach a conclusion 得出结论

arrive at a conclusion

draw a conclusion

come to conclusion

19. for the first time 第一次,首次

no faster than 和…一样不快

= as slowly as



引导定语从句的关系代词:that,which,who, whom, whose, as

关系副词:when, where, how, why

注意:1. 介词放在关系代词前面时,介词宾语只能用which代物,用whom代人。

2. 在限制性定语从句中,当关系代词在从句中担任介词宾语而介词在句尾时,关系

代词可省略。 3. 有时为了行文需要,定语从句中的关系代词和部分谓语动词可省略。

Module 6


1. date from = date back to 起源于,追溯到

out of date 过时

up to date 最新

fix a date for sth 给某事约定一个日期

have a date with sb 和某人约会

2. dream of 梦想

dream a…dream 做一个……梦

hold back 阻挡,忍住,抑制(情感等)

hold one's breath 屏住气

hold up 耽搁;妨碍(交通等)

hold on 坚持下去;


3. sb.spend money/time on sth. 某人在某物上花钱/时间

sb.spend money /time (in) doing sth.


sth. costs sb. money 某物花某人多少钱

4. freezing point 冰点

5. a car crash 汽车撞车事故

6. in a sense 就某种意义而言,在某种角度上

7. bring an end to 结束

come to an end 结束,停止

put/bring an end to 结束

end up with… 以……结束

end in… 以…..告终

8. be equal to 与……相等










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